订阅
报纸
纸质报纸 电子报纸
 微商城
menbetx体育
学习
双语学习 热点翻译 menbetx体育视频
实用口语 报纸听力 欧美金曲
教育
信息
最新动态 活动预告
备课资源 语言文化
演讲
比赛
精彩演讲
活动动态
用报
专区
中学Teens
小学Kids
翻译频道 > 热点翻译
切尔诺贝利大火逼近核电站!辐射危机引发担忧
来源:21menbetx体育网    日期: 2020-04-14
据央视新闻报道,当地时间13日,乌克兰紧急情况部门透露,该国切尔诺贝利核电站禁区的森林大火仍在持续,目前已经逼近禁区内储存辐射物的地点。



乌克兰紧急情况部已向该地区派出数百名消防员,并出动直升机和灭火飞机参与灭火,但火势依旧不减。

Hundreds of firefighters on Monday battled a forest blaze in Ukraine's Chernobyl exclusion zone. Kiev has mobilized helicopters and firefighters, with planes dropping tons of water on the fire. 

1986年4月,切尔诺贝利核电站4号反应堆发生事故,造成大片欧洲土地污染。

Chernobyl polluted a large swathe of Europe when its fourth reactor exploded in April 1986. 

核电站禁区是在事故后设立的。面积约2600平方公里。尽管政府下达驱逐令,但当地仍有大约200人留守。

火灾4月3日从切尔诺贝利禁区的西部开始,并蔓延至附近森林。大火产生的浓烟,正随风飘向乌克兰首都基辅。

The fires began on April 3 in the western part of the exclusion zone and spread to nearby forests. Smoke from the fire is now blowing towards Kiev, the Ukrainian capital.
 


据路透社报道,上周日拍摄的视频画面显示,空中有大团黑色浓烟,树木还在燃烧,直升机上的消防员在尝试灭火。航拍图片中,核电站禁区的土地已经烧焦变黑。

Videos on Sunday (Apr. 12) showed plumes of black smoke billowing into the sky and trees still ablaze, with firefighters in helicopters trying to put out the fires. Aerial images of the exclusion zone around the plant showed scorched, blackened earth.


图源:路透社网站
 

图源:路透社网站

乌克兰环境监测机构负责人Egor Firsov在脸书上发帖表示,在火灾中心,辐射量已经超标。

"There is bad news -- in the center of the fire, radiation is above normal," Egor Firsov, head of Ukraine's ecological inspection service, said in a Facebook post.

不过,乌克兰紧急情况部门则表示切尔诺贝利禁区的辐射量没有变化,而且在基辅周边辐射量“也没有超过自然界正常辐射水平。”

The Emergency Situations Service said radiation levels in the exclusion zone had not changed and those in nearby Kiev, "did not exceed natural background levels."

环保组织俄罗斯绿色和平组织表示,实际情况可能比乌克兰有关部门判断的要糟,该组织表示卫星图片显示大火距离当年核电站事故后的防护穹顶只有1.5公里远。

Greenpeace Russia, an environmental campaign group said the situation is much worse than Ukrainian authorities believe, claiming the analysis of satellite images showed the fire at its closest point was just 1.5 kilometers from the protective dome over the ruined reactor.

乌克兰有关部门曾于4日表示,过火面积约为20公顷,但是该组织称卫星图片显示当时的过火面积为12000公顷。

On April 4 Ukrainian authorities said the blaze covered an area of 20 hectares, but Greenpeace cited satellite images showing it was around 12,000 hectares in size at that time.

乌克兰方面并没有对此作出回应。

Ukrainian officials did not immediately respond to a request for comment on those claims.


图源:路透社网站

切尔诺贝利旅游服务商Yaroslav Yemelianenko则在脸书上表示,火势很严峻。他说大火迅速蔓延,并且已经烧到了核电站事故中废弃的城市普里皮亚季,距离“切尔诺贝利最危险的辐射废弃物”仅有两公里。他呼吁官方向人们发出危险警告。

Chernobyl tour operator Yaroslav Yemelianenko, writing on Facebook, described the situation as critical. He said the fire was rapidly expanding and had reached the abandoned city of Pripyat, two kilometers from where "the most highly active radiation waste of the whole Chernobyl zone is located." He called on officials to warn people of the danger.

据《纽约时报》报道,空气污染专家Olena Miskun表示,大火带来的危险主要来自于数十年前事故中带有辐射的颗粒物,会随着浓烟被吸入人体。

The main risk from the fires comes from inhaling, via the smoke, small radioactive particles thrown years ago from the open core of the Chernobyl reactor, said Olena Miskun, an air pollution expert.

“风会把空气中炽热的颗粒连同灰烬一起吹起,然后带到人口密集的地区,” Miskun表示,同时这些有辐射的颗粒物还可能落到土壤中,可能会被作物吸收。

“Wind can raise hot particles in the air together with the ash and blow it toward populated areas,” Ms. Miskun says. Also, radioactive particles can land on gardens or fields and later be consumed in food.

据央视新闻援引当地媒体报道,火灾有可能是人为纵火所导致。乌克兰警方近日已逮捕一名嫌疑人,正展开刑事调查。

综合来源:央视新闻,CGTN,CNN,Reuters,New York Times

标签:社会




 
订阅更精彩

 主办
联系我们   |    诚聘英才   |   演讲比赛   |   关于我们   |   手机访问
英文二十一世纪(北京)教育传媒发展中心版权所有,未经书面授权,禁止转载或建立镜像。
主办单位:中国日报社 Copyright by 21st Century English Education Media All Rights Reserved 版权所有 复制必究
网站信息网络传播视听节目许可证0108263      

标题
内容
内容
关闭